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Response to Comment on “A Complete Skull from Dmanisi, Georgia, and the Evolutionary Biology of Early Homo”
May 14, 2014
C.P.E. Zollikofer et. al. published a comment Response to Comment on "A Complete Skull from Dmanisi, Georgia, and the Evolutionary Biology of Ear...
Enrollment in the Dmanisi Paleoanthropology Field School is closed for season 2014
April 28, 2014
Participants will be chosen by the admission committee within a few days!   Enrollment for the season 2015 will be open again from November 1st, 2014. C...
Response to Comment on “A Complete Skull from Dmanisi, Georgia, and the Evolutionary Biology of Early Homo”
April 25, 2014
Zollikofer et. al. published a response to the comment of Schwartz et. al. on A complete skull from Dmanisi, Georgia, and the Evolutionary Biology of Early Homo...
Dr. Abesalom Vekua (1925-2014)
February 20, 2014
Dr. Abesalom Vekua, a distinguished Georgian paleontologist, Full Member of the Georgian Academy of Sciences and Head of the Georgian National Museum Institute ...
Viewpoint: Human evolution, from tree to braid
January 02, 2014
The viewpoint on Human Evolution with emphasis on the Dmanisi skull 5 was published on BBC/news/sciecne-environment by Prof. Clive Finlayson, Director of Gibral...

DISCOVERY OF A NEW SKULL

October 18, 2013

Lordkipanidze et. al. published the paper A complete skull from Dmanisi, Georgia, reveals evolutionary biology of early Homo,  in Science, saying that this is the only complete fossil Homo skull of the early Pleistocene ever found so far. It provides direct evidence for wide variation within populations of early Homo, implying a single evolving lineage with continuity across continents.

Abstract

The site of Dmanisi, Georgia, has yielded an impressive sample of hominid cranial and postcranial remains, documenting the presence of Homo outside Africa around 1.8 million years ago. Here we report on a new cranium from Dmanisi (D4500) that, together with its mandible (D2600), represents the world's first completely preserved adult hominid skull from the early Pleistocene. D4500/D2600 combines a small braincase (546 cubic centimeters) with a large prognathic face and exhibits close morphological affinities with the earliest known Homo fossils from Africa. The Dmanisi sample, which now comprises five crania, provides direct evidence for wide morphological variation within and among early Homo paleodemes. This implies the existence of a single evolving lineage of earlyHomo, with phylogeographic continuity across continents.